Hydrophobic sands in desert agriculture using
parametric architecture in Saudi Arabia
Location: Universidade Internacional de Cataluña (UIC Barcelona, Spain)
Purpose: Master Degree in Biodigital Architecture
Sector: Parametric Architecture
This thesis examines the solution to create an architecture complex using the materials that are available in Saudi Arabia. The material is coated beach sand designed to reduce water evaporation from the soil. This material can be used in both vertical and horizontal ways for land and building surfaces to plant on. It can also be used to build a sustainable green building using desert sand.
To create a successful project in the desert, it is essential to consider the surrounding environments requirements. The soil and planting methods were studied, and it was found to be critical to coat the sand with a bioplastics material layer.
The thesis explored desert wind, fabric, climate, and materials. The building façades were designed in accordance with the biodigital architecture standard in an effort to create a sustainable new context. This was done through the use of parametric modern architecture using new technology.